English Education Essays Education is an inevitable part of our lives. One of the things that will take a country forward is education. That is why, countries give much importance to education. However countries are generally different from each other in terms of educational system they use to educate their students. Turkey, for example, has an educational system which has similarities and differences among other countries. In this essay, I am going the explain education system in Turkey and evaluate its effectiveness
Education in Turkey has two dimensions, one of which is formal education. Formal education is ‘‘classroom-based education provided by trained teachers.
“It basically consists of four stages which are primary education, secondary education, high school education and higher education. Apart from these, there are pre-primary education which is not obligatory and master’s programs for people who wants to get further education.”
Pre-Primary education includes the optional education of children between 36-72 month who are under the age of compulsory primary education. ’’It aims to give basic education before primary education. In our country, this kind of education is not common but national education ministry has started to take actions to make pre-primary education more common. Indeed, pre-primary education is very important. As education is a lifelong process, it is better to start education at early ages. In pre-primary education, children learn basic subjects which they will need in their daily life and they develop their social and mental capabilities. I strongly believe that schools which provide pre- primary education should be more common and children start their education at an early age.
Primary education is a kind of education which lasts for eight years, obligatory for every Turkish citizens and free of charge. Primary education aims to carry out some particular goals and objectives.
“One of the goals is to provide every Turkish citizen with fundamental knowledge, skills and behaviors to adapt to society”.
It also aims to ensure that Turkish students acquire moral and cultural values of society itself. This stage of education is very essential for me because students shape their personality in this stage and learns basic rules and knowledge that help them facilitate their lives.
High education process starts just after eight-year primary education. Higher education was 3 years before an education law which prolongs three-year higher education to four years was adopted. Students choose their department which they would like to study in high school. Basically, there are four fields students can specialize in. Higher education is an important step for me because it is an opportunity for students to improve themselves, their foreign language ability and social skills.
University life begins with the end of high school education. In our country, students take an exam which is called OSS to study in higher education. According to points they get in the exam, they choose universities they would like to study and they are placed to universities by the Higher Education Council. Higher education is generally four years but some universities administer one-year English education to improve student’s foreign language knowledge. There are both private and state universities with the total number
“153”. They present two or four year education providing Bachelor’s degree. To graduate from a university is very important to find a satisfying job in Turkey. Higher education also helps student reach the level of “self-actualization” according to famous philosopher Maslow. There are also some education programs such as Master’s programs for those who want to continue their education life after university but these sorts of programs are not common in our country.
In conclusion, Turkish education system consists of different stages. Each of the stages is crucial for students to improve themselves and adapt to world. We can say that Turkey has relatively effective education system but more has to be done to increase effectiveness of education.